Arctic oil.

Large swaths of the Arctic are now protected from offshore oil drilling.  Read about it here.

The indigenous  peoples of the far north have fought a long and ongoing battle to ensure the integrity of their sacred lands in the face of prolific oil development.  Patagonia, the clothing company, makes some really great videos about environmental issues and in this one, they explore the plight of native people’s efforts to keep far northern Alaska, and ANWR, pristine.